Acne Overview & Treatment

Acne is one of the most common skin disorders in the United States. It affects nearly 90% of adolescents, teens and adults alike. Developing at puberty, acne can manifest itself in the form of comedones (white and black heads), pimples, nodules and deeper cysts. These blemishes can occur nearly anywhere on the human body, including the back, neck, chest, shoulder and upper arms, but the face is, of course, the most prevalent and most noticeable area.

Causes of Acne

The exact cause of acne is not known, but other than a number of lesser factors (genetic predisposition, allergies, hormones and stress) there seem to be three major factors that can be associated to almost every case:

  • • Blocked pores
  • • Excessive Skin Oils
  • • Bacteria

The skin cells in the pores stick together and form black and whiteheads. Excess oil causes bacteria to form there, and this bacterial overgrowth leads to inflammation. This inflammation appears as red or yellow cysts and must be treated immediately and consistently.

Often times, there are side effects that accompany the onset of acne. Scarring, poor self-image, depression and anxiety are among the most common, especially among young people.

Treatment Options

Acne can be treated with topical and in-office, cosmetic treatments. Medical grade topicals and over-the-counter medications are available at Refresh. Additionally, chemical peels, facials and laser treatments are often the more effective way to go.

For more information concerning our acne treatment options, or to speak to one of our staff about your unique condition, please contact Refresh at 215-968-3057.