Melasma is a common pigmentation disorder which creates irregular dark patches on the skin. Generally, these dark patches appear on the face more than any other location on the body and can appear grey and brown in color. Most people affected by Melasma have it on their cheeks, the bridge of their noses, their foreheads and chins. The forearms and neck can be a hotbed for Melasma as well.
What Causes Melasma?
Melasma can have a number of causes, including hormone imbalances and increased sun exposure. Melasma is much more prevalent in women as well, as it is a very common side effect of pregnancy and hormones. Men do get Melasma as well, but cases are much less frequent.
Effective Melasma Treatments
There are many different pieces of state-of-the-art technology available that can treat Melasma. The most effective of them is a highly-focused laser, called IPL, that can eradicate dark spots for good. Multiple laser treatments – in conjunction with protection from sun exposure as well as prescription pigment lightening creams – are the most surefire ways to eliminate Melasma, and dermatologists also recommend wearing both sunscreen and a wide-brimmed hat when going outdoors.